In l995 wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park after a 70 year absence. They had been exterminated by ranchers wanting to protect their livestock and by those who simply get pleasure from killing things. The reintroduction led to something called a "trophic cascade". This phenomena is basically the effects of removing a top predator from a food web. Without wolves the population of deer and elk escalated which led to extreme overgrazing. Reintroduction of the wolves led to a myriad of beneficial consequences to a variety of species which the video above explains. One of the benefits to native bees is the increase in aspen and willow (great early season pollen) and the many varieties of fruit bushes and wildflowers (Wildflowers of Yellowstone) which had been overgrazed by the unchecked population of deer and elk.
A biological survey (Bioblitz) held on August 28-29th, 2009 in the northwest corner of Yellowstone National Park identified 46 species of native bees. Biologists estimate that there are between 400-500 species of native bees in Yellowstone.
My first experience with wolves was about 40 years ago when as a young man working on the railway in the Rocky Mountains I met my first wolf. I was alone in a 20 below blizzard, five miles from camp carrying about 100 lbs of equipment with the task of switching the rails. As a young greenhorn, unable to see because of the whiteout, I felt my way along the tracks thinking for sure this was my last day on earth. The snow let up briefly enough for me to see a wolf come out of the woods. Spotting me the wolf froze about 10 meters from me and growled. In my anger and desperation I growled back wielding an 8 foot long iron pry bar. We starred at each other for what seemed like an eternity (probably 30 seconds), he turned and disappeared back into the woods. Since that moment I have always held a special love and admiration for wolves.